Biogeography is the science that studies the geographic distribution of living organisms. This field seeks to identify and understand historical processes that have determined the observed patterns in species distributions. Given its interdisciplinary character and its wide applicability, biogeography is used by researchers with diverse focuses. It can be used to identify biogeographic patterns that not only allow us to understand innumerable processes we observe every day, but to understand historic processes and past tendencies that help predict future scenarios of biodiversity distribution.
With this in mind, SELVA has decided to employ this tool to understand various aspects of the ecology of Neotropical fauna such as: determine their geographic distribution and their association to what types of biomes, ecosystems and habitats; determine the ecological requirements of species at different spatial scales; understand which processes have defined and still define their distribution; evaluate at a local and regional scale the main threats and the conservation status of their habitats; and to predict, under different scenarios, how threats (such as gobal warming) could affect their distribution and affect the current pressures they experience.
The aim of this SELVA program is to define the conservation status of different critical groups and to predict how they could change under different scenarios. This way we will provide sound information and efficient recommendations for action.
Projects under this program include:
- Biogeography of Pyrrhura in Colombia
- Climatic niche, distribution and vulnerability of Grallaria Antpittas
- Priority Areas for Psitacidae in Colombian Lowland Tropical Dry-Forest